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April 18, 2006



    The first time I sat down to a feast featuring mansaf was in the countryside near Amman, the capital of Jordan.  Surrounded by distinguished-looking men in flowing Arab robes, I reclined quietly beside my host around a steaming platter of rice covered with lamb and nuts. The conversation was almost zilch as we gorged ourselves on tender and succulent meat served over steaming rice, made even tastier by the yogurt and spices.
    Being an honoured guest, my host picked out for me the choicest pieces of meat as he urged me on.  In the best tradition of Arab hospitality he made sure that I was overfed.  Of course, I did not need much encouragement.  Every mouthful of the appetizing food made me crave for more.  It was a feast that I have always remembered.
    In Jordan mansaf, the pride of Jordanian cuisine and the national dish of the country is usually prepared for and served to esteemed guests primarily on special occasions such as weddings, birthdays, and anniversaries.  The dish possesses an important symbolic function within social gatherings, it being offered as the ultimate to the honoured guest.  The daily family food of the people is often not as sumptuous but healthier - much of it relating to earlier times when most of the inhabitants of today's Jordan were poor Bedouins, peppered with a few peasants.
    Mansaf stands as the ultimate of Jordanian cuisine - a part of Arab gastronomy, which is one of the world's most sophisticated and elaborate cuisines.  Jordanian food, although having some unique attributes, is part of this Middle Eastern distinctive culinary heritage, but stemming more from traditional Bedouin cooking.
     A mansaf feast is taken seriously, and hours are spent in its preparations.  A dish of lamb seasoned with herbs and spices, it is served on a large platter on a bed of rice in a tangy yogurt sauce and sprinkled with almonds and pine nuts.  Traditionally, the yogurt used is jameed, a type of salted dried goat milk.
    The main course of a mansaf meal usually begins with several varieties of mazza, or hors d'oeuvres and with several salads as side dishes.   Bread, usually khoubz sh'rak, a large thin, round unleavened bread, accompanies every meal and a dessert or fresh fruit ends a meal.  Lastly, comes the famous Arabic coffee without which no meal is complete. 


Continue reading "MANSAF: THE PRIDE OF JORDANIAN CUISINE by Habeeb Salloum" »

April 16, 2006

Questions I recieve via email and through comments by Farid Zadi

I get a lot of emails and comments with food questions. Over time I have found many repeat questions. Rather than repeat my answers via email or on the blogs I will post them this thread in bookofraiforum.

You can also join the forum to post the questions yourself. There are other members who can help you with your questions,

March 13, 2006

Conversation with Paolo Ferrero by Swiss Chef (Ed McGaugh)

The Book of Rai Interview with Paolo Ferrero


Born in Turin, Paolo is a native Piemontese and speaks English, French, German, Spanish and of course Italian. He comes from a family of restaurateurs and managed the family restaurant Canestrello d'Oro for many years and has made a passionate career out of fine Piemontese food and wine. Paolo also writes a column for the Italian wine magazine called Barolo & Co. and has an extensive knowledge of the local wines. Paolo is closely connected to a never-ending network of wine makers, restaurateurs and shop-owners, all of whom he knows personally.

Swiss_Chef: Hello Paolo and thank you for joining us at Book of Rai. Please tell us a little about your restaurant the Canestrello d'Oro in Cinaglio near Asti.

Paolo Ferrero: First let me say thank you for your interest in the Piemont and more importantly the Monferrato! I ran he "Canestrello d'Oro" ( a "canestrello" is sort of a cookie traditionally prepared by the cooks of my small village, Cinaglio...) for eight years, from 1998 till 2004, since my mother Adalgisa, who was one of the restaurant's two chefs, decided to retire. For 20 years Canestrello was our family's restaurant but it was my mother, chef Ezio Musso and maitre ‘d Paolo Smaniotto and I who succeeded in transforming the "Canestrello" from a popular Pizzeria to a distinguished country inn. We had limited seating, white table-cloths, Bohemian crystal glasses, fresh country flowers and jazzy background music. Regarding the food, our mottos were : "tradition with a modern twist".
We wanted to rediscover the beautiful traditional Piemontese recipes while looking forward to a more modern style of presentation.

Typically we started with an antipasti tasting, dictated by season’s bounty. For example:
-Tuna and black Taggiasca olive mousse refined with parsley.
-Hand minced raw veal and goat’s milk cheese tartar.
-Roasted red peppers and stewed veal tongue with anchovies, capers and Barbera vinaigrette sauce.
-Leek and Parmesan cheese soufflé.
-A selection of made-in-house tajarìn, agnolotti, gnocchi, and pappardelle.
-Risottos (too many to mention but always following the season).
-During the winter- a thick bean and "maltagliati" soup.

The main courses always included pork, beef, rabbit, chicken as well as a fish offering usually cod, bass or sea-tout.

Fresh porcini and white truffles always in season
Always a wide selection of local artisanal cheeses.

Three desserts completed our menu, usually accompanied by a Moscato or Malvasia sparkling sweet wine.

In a few years we were rated by the main gastronomical Guides in Italy, such as "Espresso", "Luigi Veronelli", "Paolo Massobrio", "Accademia Italiana della Cucina" ( Unfortunately the consequence of a misunderstanding- we were somehow overlooked by "Gambero Rosso" what a pity! We did manyge to rank in the top 1.000 restaurants in the whole Italy. Something for which we are very proud.

The wine list was heavily centered in the Monferrato's wines and consisted of 80 labels. The price of our multi course was about 35 euros, wines excluded. Monthly we organised a gastronomical degustation dinner based on the season; aromatic herbs, spring flowers and fish, black or white truffles, porcini and game and so on...

Continue reading "Conversation with Paolo Ferrero by Swiss Chef (Ed McGaugh)" »

February 08, 2006

Returning to the Piemonte

I reached the Alps: the soul within me burned
Italia, my Italia, at thy name:
And when from out of the mountain’s heart I came
And saw the land for which my life had yearned.
I laughed as one who some great prize has earned.
Oscar Wilde

Piemonte is slowly becoming mine. I am not only coming to understand the “how” of the Piemonte but I am beginning to appreciate the “why”.

Continue reading "Returning to the Piemonte" »

January 26, 2006

Newsletter by Farid Zadi

Dear readers

It is finally coming...

In a month or so this blog and my Algerian cuisine blog will be organized differently. The new format will be visually cleaner and easier to read. Look for more contributors as well as videos and podcasts from around the world. The internet is merging (has merged)  with different forms of media. The future of food is the internet.

As usual our goal is to focus on food as it relates to history, culture, arts, economics, politics, education, etc... plus some fun stuff thrown in to keep your attention.

Join to post about what you know and to ask questions about what you do not know. It is as simple as that (probably not so simple). Book of rai forum is a friendly place  to share, to learn with an open mind.

We have some interesting topics and projects such as 18th century cooking in Mexico and the Philippines, the foods of Africa and the African diaspora*, Medieval cookery, The Spanish Lake, etc, If you have a research question post it on the forum, chances are you will recieve feedback.

*This is leading into a documentary series with a group of chefs and writers of African descent from around the world.

January 21, 2006

Mystery Fruit by Farid Zadi


Please help identify this mystery fruit. Discussion on bookofraiforum .

January 02, 2006

Grasping Grappa by Ed McGaugh

Riserva I would have to admit that I am more of a rhum and cognac man, but in the last 8 or 9 years I have become interested in grappa, mostly because of my discovery of the Italian kitchen.

When we were in the Piemonte in October we had the good fortune to visit a grappa distillery called Vieux Moulin which you can’t miss if you drive along the road from Asti to Alba because there are several large signs pointing the way. The place is pretty unassuming, there is a big dog chained-up in the court yard who heralds your arrival with a never-ending series of barks and the whole place has a pretty home-spun air about it.

Continue reading "Grasping Grappa by Ed McGaugh" »

December 16, 2005

From Peasant Cuisine to Palace Cuisine By Ammini Ramachandran

        From Peasant Cuisine to Palace Cuisine
   An Introduction to the culinary history of India

From ingenious vegetarian offerings with a wide range of flavors to the elegant meat-centered feasts of Mogul emperors, India’s culinary traditions are rich, and as varied as her land and people. The country’s geography and climate ranges from landlocked high altitude mountains, to fertile river valleys, to arid plateaus, to verdant tropical coasts. In times past food production was totally dependent on geographic and climatic conditions, from which evolved the various peasant cuisines of India. Until the British conquest at the end of the eighteenth century, each region of India was ruled by its own royal family and each had its own provincial language, local customs, culture, and unique cuisine. The proficient palace chefs of these small independent kingdoms perfected the many elegant palace cuisines of India.

India’s population is very diverse and they follow many different religions. Food related taboos differentiating the sacred from the disrespectful are taken very seriously. Hindus and Sikhs won’t eat the sacred cow. Strictly vegetarians, mostly Brahmins, and Jains refuse even the spices associated with the preparation of meat, such as onions and garlic. The descendants of the Moguls of Delhi and Punjab, being Muslim, refuse pork, but are great experts in the preparation of meat dishes. Christians of India have some excellent beef and seafood dishes.

Continue reading "From Peasant Cuisine to Palace Cuisine By Ammini Ramachandran" »

December 11, 2005

Mappila Cuisine of Kerala


Mappila Cuisine of Kerala by Ammini Ramachandran

The Muslim influenced Tandoori dishes of Mughal cuisine with its unique technique of marinating meats and vegetables with a careful blend of choicest spices and aromatic herbs have been a gourmet's delight the world over. With the migration of Indian workers to the west during 18th and 19th centuries, the tandoori preparations of Mogul cuisine and the hardy food of the Punjab region were the first to reach the western world. Even today this is the type of food that is served in most Indian restaurants abroad.

Mahmud of Ghazni (modern Afghanistan and northeastern modern Iran), lured by tales of the fertile plains of the Punjab and the fabulous wealth of Hindu temples first attacked northern India in 1000 AD. The Mogul emperor Baber conquered India in 1526 AD and this Muslim dynasty ruled in an unbroken succession for nearly 200 years. North Indian food went through a profound transformation during this period. Meats and breads grilled in clay ovens called tandoors and elaborate dishes – Kababs, pulavs and biriyanis - and sweets garnished with thin sheets of real gold and silver became the mainstay of Mogul banquets.

Many years before the advent of central Asian Muslim invaders to the northern frontiers, coastal region of the Indian Ocean between India, the Persian Gulf, East Africa and the China Sea was an area of active commercial exchange. People along these coasts, blessed with wide open waters and natural harbors, excelled in maritime trade with distant lands. Indian merchants and the inhabitants of the Persian Gulf regions were active traders and intermediaries long before the birth of Prophet Muhammad.

For Europe and central Asia, spices were the envoys from enchanted orient. From ancient times, the monsoon soaked rain forests, home to several spices, especially black pepper, became a prime destination for many explorers. Ancient southern Indian kingdoms enjoyed a flourishing spice trade with the Arabs of coastal Yemen and Oman. By the early Christian period south India was transformed into a commercial hub linked to the West and the East through emporiums located along the coastal and inland routes. Spice trade was as profitable an undertaking as it was complex.

When the maritime trade routes spread beyond the Nile and Euphrates, Greeks, Romans and later the Portuguese ventured to trace new routes to the source of spices and exotic things. However, the old Arab channels of trade continued to flourish thanks to the age-old alliances and agreements between the original Arab and Indian traders. Interestingly cinnamon, the spice that made fortunes for the Arab traders in earlier times still remained an Arab monopoly. The Romans could find it only at Arab ports; the source of cinnamon in India was scrupulously guarded from them. Throughout the Malabar Coast the Romans were offered only malabathrum, the leaves of the same tree that produced the fragrant bark.  Such was the loyalty between the ancient traders of the Indian Ocean.

Continue reading "Mappila Cuisine of Kerala" »

December 09, 2005

Announcement By Farid Zadi

Dear readers and contributors

I know I've been promising to organize this blog and the other one as soon as possible. The thing that is holding me back is the potentional rise in web fees. Some days both blogs get a combined page view count of up to 4000 and the blogs are pretty new, that plus projected readership growth and the forum can potentially translate into exorbitant web fees. Those are the reasons for the delay. I'd like both blogs to be organized more like this blog.

A note to food writers

Posting on certain food forums is a great way to make some contacts and to exchange information. However the really knowledgeable people are easier to find in the blogsphere and I hope more food bloggers join the forum I started. To keep your name as writer out there, you really must blog. The future of food is here and it is blogging, they have search engine supremacy over more static appearing websites. There is absolutely no other medium through which the contributors here could have reached an audience that densely covers North America, Western Europe, the Mediterranean countries, the Indo-Malay archipelago, Australia and to a lesser extent South Asia, North Africa and Latin America so fast.

If you are concerned about google and yahoo's projects to make available cookbooks online, divert the traffic to your blog or if you do not have the energy to start your own blog, contact me about posting occasionally here.

November 26, 2005

Naengmyun, Chilled Noodles by Ji Young Park

P1010010_2 discuss cuisines and cultures.

Naengmyun is a Northern Korean cold noodle dish from the Pyong-an-do and Hamgyong-do provinces. Traditionally naengmyun was enjoyed during the winter.

Pyong-an specializes in mul naengmyun made from buckwheat noodles and a pheasant and beef broth with radish kimchi juice added. Hamgyong specializes in bibim naengmyun made from starch noodles with Hong Hwe or seasoned flounder. Mul means "water" or "liquid" and bibim means to "mix". As the dishes traveled further away from their origins, Koreans from other regions began adding different ingredients soon naengmyun became a summer time favorite.

My mother learned this dish through an "adopted" relative from North Korea who opened a restaurant in South Korea shortly after the war. It's hard to imagine now, but 30 years ago the restaurant scene in Seoul was a fraction of what it was now. It wasn't really until the Olympics that Seoul began exploding into the dense, vibrant city it is now.

Continue reading "Naengmyun, Chilled Noodles by Ji Young Park" »

November 25, 2005

Korean Mother Sauces and Stocks by Ji-Young Park discuss cuisines and cultures.

The three most important sauces in Korean cooking are kangjang*, toenjang** and koch'ujang***. All are made with meju, blocks of fermented soybean paste. Commercially packaged meju comes in different sizes and forms, from pellets to powder.

The basic stocks are white beef stock and sun dried anchovy stock. Chicken stock is NOT common at all. And there is no such thing as vegetable stock in authentic Korean cooking. Authenticity is a tricky word and I do not have a single benchmark for it. How is that for straddling the fence? I will try to place recipes within context. That is the best I can do in terms of what is authentic or not.

Beef stock is also more of a restaurant item in Korea. Korea is a soup loving country and bones are in high demand. The last time I was in Korea about 4 years ago the beef bones were just as expensive as the best cuts of meat. And the price of beef had just started to become more accessible. Beef stock as a home pantry item is more of a Korean-American thing. In the past in Korea it was more for the wealthy and it still is for the most part.

Continue reading "Korean Mother Sauces and Stocks by Ji-Young Park" »

November 19, 2005

Baechue Tong Kimchi (Whole Cabbage Kimchi) by Ji Young Park

discuss culture and cuisine.

Anyone who has ever read a Korean tourist brochure knows that kimchi connects the Korean people to our ancestors, our land, our children, our culture, our sense of identity and past struggles for survival during the bitter cold winter months.

To say that kimchi is a cultural icon to Koreans is a bit of an understatement. It might not be an exaggeration to say that kimchi is a part of The Korean cosmos.

I can't find the source of this quote, "As one eats kimchi, one eats the universe, and in so doing becomes part of the universe and the universe becomes a part of man."

Kimchi is also touted as a cure-all, mostly coming from Korean sources. Food writers have waxed poetic about the health benefits which sometimes include elaborate charts. Lots of energy and money are spent on scientific studies about kimchi. Most recently bird flu, before that SARS. I haven't read the papers, I'm not sure how the birds were fed kimchi*.

Thanks to Alan Alda's MASH** and Veterans from the Korean War, the most famous kimchi in America with the over 50 crowd seems to be "the buried in the ground" winter kimchi. This type of kimchi is still made, but mostly in rural areas. Anyone who has been to Seoul in the last 20 years or so will know that it's difficult to find a spot to dig a hole in the ground without a concrete drill. Even 30-35 years ago in Seoul my family never made this type of kimchi. I do remember some of our neighbors making it though.

The (in)famous "buried in the ground kimchi" is kimjang, the most prized version is from Northern areas. The seasoning tends to be milder with more refreshing kimchi "juice". Kimjang is a topic for a whole other post.

In reality the most ubiquitous kimchi is baechue kimchi or nappa cabbage kimchi.

Continue reading "Baechue Tong Kimchi (Whole Cabbage Kimchi) by Ji Young Park" »

Note to Contributors

DO NOT approve comments to your posts. I will do that. Recently there have been alot of spam comments. Spam comments containing advertising or potential viruses that can do damage to the blog.

I'm not sure if "virus" is the correct word, but I've participated in forums for bloggers where there has been discussion of spam comments having deleted entire blogs!

I back up the data frequently but to put it all up would be really tedious and time consuming.

November 15, 2005

Korean Soy Sauce Marinated Raw Blue Crab, GaeJang by Ji Young Park

P1010020_2I invite Korean bloggers to join book of rai forum as well as the readers from the University of Hawaii who have been following this series. I'll be posting some different Korean recipes in the forum.

Gaejang is an intensely flavored dish. It's piquant with hot fresh peppers and red pepper flakes. The texture of the raw crab is a bit slimy and rich.

If you're concerned about eating raw crab then don't eat this. I've been eating gaejang since I was a child and have never had a problem. I've also made this with frozen blue crab many times.

Continue reading "Korean Soy Sauce Marinated Raw Blue Crab, GaeJang by Ji Young Park" »

November 13, 2005

Last 100 visitors 9:20 AM Pacific Standard Time

The demographics change according to the time of day. I thought it would be fun for the readers and contributors to see a "random" sampling of visitors.

1.  Montbran, Bretagne, France    
2. Danbury, Connecticut, United States    
3. Las Vegas, Nevada, United States    
4. Flavion, Namur, Belgium    
5. Burnsville, Minnesota, United States    
6. Toronto, Ontario, Canada    
7. Chiswick, Slough, United Kingdom    
8. Greensboro, North Carolina, United States    
9. Delhi, Delhi, India  
10. Edmonton, Alberta, Canada  
11. Portland, Oregon, United States  
12. Shreveport, Louisiana, United States  
13. Arley, Coventry, United Kingdom  
14. Derendingen, Solothurn, Switzerland  
15. Oslo, Oslo, Norway  
16. Toronto, Ontario, Canada  
17. United States  
18. Kampong Melayu Kebun Bunga, Selangor, Malaysia  
19. Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, United States  
20. Delhi, Delhi, India  
21. Kuala Lumpur, Wilayah Persekutuan, Malaysia
22. Stockholm, Stockholms Lan, Sweden  
23. Normal, Illinois, United States  
24. Walnut, California, United States  
25. Slough, Slough, United Kingdom  
26. Nice, Provence-Alpes-Cote d'Azur, France  
27. Sheffield, Sheffield, United Kingdom  
28. Slough, Slough, United Kingdom  
29. Slough, Slough, United Kingdom  
30. Font Rousse, Provence-Alpes-Cote d'Azur, France  
31. Aurora, Colorado, United States  
32. Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, Mexico  
33. Jurong Town, Singapore  
34. Bergenfield, New Jersey, United States  
35. Short Hills, New Jersey, United States  
36. Reims-la-Brulée, Champagne-Ardenne, France  
37. Sheffield, Sheffield, United Kingdom  
38. Orlando, Florida, United States  
39. London, Lambeth, United Kingdom  
40. Pully, Vaud, Switzerland  
41. Reykjavík, Gullbringusysla, Iceland  
42. New York, New York, United States  
43. East Grand Forks, Minnesota, United States  
44. Vanves, Ile-de-France, France  
45. Algiers, Alger, Algeria  
46. Riyadh, Ar Riyad, Saudi Arabia  
47. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States  
48. Villejuif, Ile-de-France, France  
49. Kampong Baharu Cheras Batu Sembilan, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia  
50. Phoenix, Arizona, United States

Continue reading "Last 100 visitors 9:20 AM Pacific Standard Time" »

November 11, 2005

Dosa Sale at Chez Panisse

Hello All,

We thought you might like to know about a clothing sale that the Chez Panisse Foundation and dosa are organizing this Sunday. It will benefit the School Lunch Initiative.

Regards, Sylvan Brackett


Continue reading "Dosa Sale at Chez Panisse" »

November 10, 2005

Thai Hot Dogs by Ji Young Park


I don't know if the place actually serves Thai Hot Dogs, although it would not surprise me. I've never heard of a hot dog with "Thai flavors" but stranger things have been concocted like pastrami burritos. Most likely they serve casual Thai dishes and the new owners simply did not bother to take down the hot dog on top of the structure. When I have more time I'll take a look at the menu. I took the photo through my car window.

I'm also posting photos of architectural oddities and peculiar juxtapositions here along with photos of where people shop for food in Los Angeles County, everything from produce trucks, farmer's markets, gourmet shops to so-called ethnic markets. Click on the link to see a colorful concrete block building next to a Korean Buddhist Temple next to a craftsman home.

I also started a thread on Filipino groceries and restaurants around the world. I am the LA correspondent for a group of Filipino food bloggers.

I have an Olympus Stylus 800 and a nifty Olympus SLR, both cameras can take high quality photos. All the shots you've seen so far were taken hastily, sometimes while driving! I don't really have the time to do more. But if there is a specific request I will take the time for better quality photographs. My focus is primarily on Korea Town at the moment, but I want to go into different parts of LA County to present a more complete picture of Los Angelenos.

November 07, 2005

Sheafs of Green and Red by Karen


No, I'm not working on a rice post. Well, not yet. I just want to show the pictures of what I found out earlier.

The photo on the left is of regular lowland irrigated rice while the one on the right  is rainfed lacatan malutu or red-husked glutinous rice used for duman. These were taken months apart but the sheafs of grain are approximately of the same age.

In most, if not all Filipino languages, we use different terms to distinguish unhusked rice from milled and then cooked grains. In Kapampangan (a language of Central Luzon), these are palé, abias and nasi respectively (palay, bigas and kanin in Tagalog). There would even be other terms for cold rice, crusty rice found at the bottom of the pot, and so on. But for now, we'll stick to the first three terms mentioned earlier.

Now, this is where we enlist reader participation. What do you call rice in your language(s)? Are there different terms like those mentioned above? Let us know, we'd love to hear from you!

November 06, 2005

Book of Rai Food Forum by Farid Zadi

Book of Rai Forum

Book of Rai forum seeks to foster cross-cultural, inter-disciplinary dialogues about food. It evolved from this blog which evolved from frustrations with certain food forums. So why start another one? I feel there is a place for a more inclusive and focused forum with hosts and moderators who are passionate about their fields of interest. If you would like to be host or moderator contact any existing host or moderator via PM or email. It’s as simple as that. Post about what you know, if you don’t know ask a question.

I'll be emailing people to join over the next few weeks. Those of you who are familiar with English language food forums will recognize some members, but I think many will be surprised by many more fresh faces and voices to the world of food forums.

A week in the Piedmont

Dscf0001_1 Heading down:
We set out on a foggy Monday morning for Italy, specifically we were headed towards the Piedmont but because we found an interesting Gasthaus for sale on the internet our trip down was slightly a roundabout one, taking us first through Zürich and then down the south-side of the Zürich See and over to the little town of Sattel to have a look at the dying 150 year-old Gasthaus Krone which is now offered for sale. The place was one of those old Grand-dames now long since faded and the price of restoration could easily triple the pruchase price and since the place was positioned between the main road and a railroad track we decided it was not the right place for us to open up a quiet B&B. So after a polite “thank you for your time, but it’s more of a project than we had in mind” we hopped in the car and headed south, skirting around the Vierwaldstattersee towards the Gotthard tunnel. The lake and mountain scenery here are absolutely breathtaking and it was all in prime Fall colors when we drove through. This region is truly the heart of Switzerland. It is the place, where over 700 years ago the forefathers of Switzerland made the pact to swear allegiance to fight together against the Habsburgs for independence, thereby founded the original “Confederation of Switzerland”.

Our goal was pretty simple really. We were headed to the tiny vineyard-town of San Martino Alfieri which is halfway between Asti and Alba in the heart of Piedmont. Ancient and tiny, San Martino has streets barely wide enough for a car to pass. Alfieri is well known for the lovely Alfieri castle, which now produces very fine wines, but it was once famous for producing very aristocratic poets and architects. On Thursday, we will cross its thresholds for the first time because the owner of our casa works there from time to time and has arranged an appointment for us to visit with the wine maker and tour the cellars.

Continue reading "A week in the Piedmont" »

November 03, 2005

Translations by Farid Zadi

I thank everyone who has emailed me about the blogs with their kind supportive words. If you have questions, comments or suggestions I encourage you to post them in the comments field. The contributors appreciate feedback and if you email me I am the only one who gets to read it.

I know that some readers use translation software. Babelfish will not give you precise translations but it is good enough to get a broad idea about the content. There are two translation forums I know of Word Reference and International Forum. I don't know much about them but the Arabic and French translation assistance seems to be very good. Word reference also seems to be more moderated than International Forum is.

November 02, 2005

Umair Salam from Salambazar by Farid Zadi

I'd like to introduce another writer to Ya Rayi Our Rai by linking to a post about fasting during Ramadan. Click on the gallery to see the wonderful work by artist Sadia Salam.

Readership ranking by country

I'm bumping up this post to add some new countries. I'm trying to add a mapstats link to this blog.

Readership ranking by country:

1. France

2. United States (very close second to France)

3. Other continental European countries: Spain, Netherlands, Italy, Belgium, Germany

4. UK, Australia and Canada (very close to #3)

5. Middle Eastern Countries: UAE, Bahrain and Saudi Arabia

6. Turkey, Pakistan and India

7. Maghreb: Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia

8. Malaysia, Singapore and Indonesia

9. Philippines, Sweden, Switzerland, Japan and Korea

10. We've been getting more page views from Finland,  Norway, SLovenia and The Ukraine.

11. We haven't gotten many, I mention it just for fun. South Africa, Ghana, Mozambique and Senegal!

12. Many other countries but the number of page views is not noteworthy yet.

I tried installing one of those visible visitors by country and for some reason it came out scrambled and messed up the site. It took me several hours to fix the site each time I tried.

November 01, 2005

Alimentum Journal

The Literature of Food

The Only Literary Review All About Food

Original Fiction, Poetry, and Essays

Celebrating its Debut Winter 2006 Issue – December 1st, 2005

Debut Issue features

Oliver Sacks

Mark Kurlansky

Cortney Davis

Clifford A. Wright

Carly Sachs

Janna McMahan

Richard Berlin

Leslie McGrath

…many more!


unique 6” x 7 ½” format

full color cover, spot illustrations throughout

the personal spin on food

where do you get your food?

Alimentum Journal

Continue reading "Alimentum Journal" »

October 31, 2005

Thanksgiving Turkey from the office of Alice Waters

Dear Friends,

With Thanksgiving coming, we thought you might like to know how to order a Heritage Turkey. The Bourbon Red and the American Bronze are two of the several historic breeds of turkey that our forebears ate before the market was monopolized by the Broadbreasted White, developed in the 1950s and now the sole variety in large-scale production. The Bourbon Red and the American Bronze have firmer, darker meat with much more pronounced turkey flavor than the standard bird; they are both delicious. Frank Reese Jr., whose turkeys are directly descended from the birds of the 19th century, and his coalition of five small-scale turkey farmers are growing these birds, and Heritage Foods USA is helping to distribute them. They deserve our support!


Continue reading "Thanksgiving Turkey from the office of Alice Waters" »

October 30, 2005

Duman Festival: Celebrating Tradition by Karen Shih


Life goes on in a small town in rural Philippines. All manner of modern conveniences are embraced to make life easier. Once a year however, specifically when the winter winds from Siberia blow down on the tropical islands, the townsfolk pay homage to the traditional way of producing a light golden green rice cereal from half-ripe red-husked glutinous rice called lacatan malutu.

What has turned into a grassroots festival is steeped in the Filipino culture of bayanihan (cooperative effort between neighbouring farms) during harvest season where singing and guitar-playing accompany the rhythmic pounding of the mortar and pestle. The task that is by nature arduous is lightened by camaraderie and merry-making.

For our first post on Ya Rayi, in typical Filipino fashion, we extend our hospitality to our readers - with our hearts wide open. We invite you to know us better by joining in on the preparation for the festivities. ('We' and 'our' because there are two Filipinas on the Ya Rayi roll now.)

I wrote about last year’s Duman Festival on my blog. This year, I’m making good on my promise to document the process of bringing it from the field to the table. In fact, I was out taking pictures of the lacatan malutu yesterday, with my two companions comparing (regular) rice leaves and stalks with those of the lacatan. Most of the documentation will be on the festival website but I may update this entry from time to time.


Seattle's International District: Then and Now by Harley Spiller

Seattle's International District: Then and Now

In May 2001, while walking in Seattle, Washington's Chinatown, more commonly called the "ID" or International District because of its pan-Asian and African-American communities, I passed a store selling imported Chinese provisions.  Once-new merchandise had long ago faded in the sun and turned antique.  I sidled past, but intricate, grapefruit-skin yellow shelving caught my eye.  In I went, through the heavy wood and glass doors, sounding a bell.  The nearer of two Chinese gentlemen watching television in folding lawn chairs in a back room rose, and started toward me, while I scanned the old wooden shelves partially full with canned goods, cleaning implements, clothing and a variety of imports. A homemade galvanized steel tea caddy with matching scoops proffered a dozen different loose teas; a metal rack displayed Asian flower and vegetable seeds; there were herbal medicines of every description, and lots more.

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October 27, 2005

Ramadan in Istanbul by Bob Beer

Ramadan in Istanbul My first visit to Istanbul in 1982 coincided with Ramadan; but apart from the lines of people in front of restaurants waiting for the appointed hour to break their fasts, I can’t say it really affected me much. The country was still under martial law with curfew in effect, putting a damper on evening activities past 12:00. I didn’t know many Turks, and most of those I’d met were of a non-orthodox sect of Islam that generally do not fast; but even that was not openly discussed during those repressive times. Only one of my new group of friends was niyetli, or "with intent," as one who is fasting says of himself, and was getting some ribbing from the others. "Papaz" they said, pointing to him and laughing. "Priest." He took their joking good-naturedly. I do remember being impressed by timetables on the evening news giving the exact time to the minute for iftar, the breaking of the fast for all the major cities of Turkey. And perhaps there was more food being sold on the street than normal, but "normal" was still so much! It seemed then that almost as many people were not fasting as were. Now, having lived here for nearly six years, I’m amazed that I could have been so oblivious to Ramadan, or Ramazan as it as known here. The fast held during Ramaz is considered one of the five pillars of Islam. Whether you are Muslim or not, it’s a special time; life takes on a different rhythm. The observant try to focus on more spiritual things during the month, and many who consider themselves rather lax Muslims try to be a little better. The particulars vary across the Muslim world, but in Turkey, a typical day during Ramazan goes like this: an hour and a half before sunrise, people are woken up by the Ramazan davulcusu, or Ramadan drummers, who walk around the neighborhoods with a big double-headed drum. They beat out a variety of rhythms, and in between rounds, they may also sing a mani, a rhyming couplet. A couple of common ones are:


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October 26, 2005

Fall Dinners at Chez Panisse

Dear Friends,                  

Alice thought you might be interested in two special dinners that we will be hosting at Chez Panisse.


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